ESOL Gramatika Výslovnost Testy Kurz 60 Texty Idiomy Nápovědy Angličtina

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60 Questions

Part A

Each sentence in Part A has a word or phrase italic. Below each sentence are four words or phrases. You are to choose the one word or phrase which would best keep the meaning of the original sentence if it were substituted for the italic word.

1. Plato's teachings had a profound EFFECT on Aristotle
  1. depth
  2. affection
  3. affection
  4. influence

2. The superintendent was the PRINCIPAL speaker at the school board meeting.
  1. only
  2. main
  3. outstanding
  4. strongest

3. The campers heard a strange RUSTLING in the trees.
  1. stealing
  2. pillaging
  3. movement
  4. fight

4. He was an EXEMPLARY prisoner despite his past experience.
  1. model
  2. sample
  3. honest
  4. humble

5. The hotel manager became suspicious of those people who were LOITERING in the lobby.
  1. bustling
  2. sleeping
  3. meddling
  4. loafing

6. We decided to pay for the furniture on the INSTALLMENT plan.
  1. cash and carry
  2. piece by piece
  3. monthly payment
  4. credit card

7. Boy's Clubs do not DEPRIVE poor children of the opportunity to participate in sports.
  1. deny
  2. retract
  3. improvise
  4. dilute

8. The supervisor dictated a MEMO to her secretary.
  1. letter
  2. note
  3. report
  4. research paper

9. Picasso was a WELL-KNOWN cubist painter.
  1. artistic
  2. colorful
  3. celebrated
  4. knowledgeable

10. The INQUIRY concerning the accident was handled by the chief of police.
  1. gossip
  2. inquisitiveness
  3. investigation
  4. recording

11. The department chairman refused to authorize the REQUISITION.
  1. request
  2. transfer
  3. grant
  4. project

12. It is IMPERATIVE that they arrive on time for the lecture.
  1. necessary
  2. suggested
  3. hoped
  4. intended

13. The counterfeiter bills were a good FACSIMILE of the real ones.
  1. factorial
  2. reproduction
  3. identification
  4. similarity

14. The Montforts have decided to take a cruise, so they went to the travel agency for some BROCHURES.
  1. questions
  2. inquisition
  3. price list
  4. pamphlets

15. Scott SEIZED the opportunity to present his proposal to the director.
  1. realized
  2. grasped
  3. rendered
  4. delivered

16. The BOUNDARY between Canada and the United States has been unfortified for over one hundred years.
  1. border
  2. bridge
  3. water
  4. diplomatic relations

17. While they were away on vacation, they allowed their mail to ACCUMULATE at the post office.
  1. be delivered
  2. pile up
  3. get lost
  4. be returned

18. The professor tried to STIMULATED interest in archaeology by taking his students on expeditions.
  1. simulate
  2. fake
  3. encourage
  4. diminish

19. John's unsportsmanlike behavior caused him to be OSTRACIZED by the other members of the country club.
  1. shunned
  2. excelled
  3. readmitted
  4. wavered

20. As a result of the accident, the police REVOKED his driver's license.
  1. reconsidered
  2. exorcised
  3. canceled
  4. investigated

21. After listening to the testimony, the members of the jury delivered their VERDICT.
  1. sentence
  2. decision
  3. cross-examination
  4. foreman

22. The children were FROLICKING in the park.
  1. running playfully
  2. gloating
  3. sulking
  4. endangering

23. EFFICIENT air service has been available through modern technology.
  1. affluent
  2. modern
  3. inexpensive
  4. effective

24. Fear of pirate RAIDS caused the Spaniards to fortify their coastline.
  1. invasions
  2. ships
  3. arms
  4. investigations

25. Nearly half of the town's inhabitants are descendants of INDIGENOUS civilizations.
  1. native
  2. backward
  3. hard-working
  4. poor

26. That area of the country is LACED with large and often dangerous rivers.
  1. criss-crossed
  2. decorated
  3. ornate
  4. diluted

27. After a long lunch hour, business RESUMES as usual.
  1. responds
  2. delays
  3. continues
  4. resurfaces

28. Twenty-five percent of Ecuador's population speak Quechua EXCLUSIVELY.
  1. mainly
  2. only
  3. voluptuously
  4. still

29. The Chinese people worship their ANCESTORS.
  1. gossips
  2. elders
  3. forefathers
  4. heirs

30. Under the major's able LEADERSHIP, the soldier found safety.
  1. guidance
  2. intensity
  3. flagship
  4. ability


Part B

In Part B, the questions are based on a variety of reading material (single sentences, paragraphs, advertisements, and the like). You are to choose the one best answer, (1),(2),(3),or(4), to each question. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of problem and mark your answer. Answer all questions following a passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in that passage.

Questions 31 through 36 are based on the following reading.

The Stone Age was a period of history which began in approximately 2 million b.c. and lasted until 3000 b.c.Its name was derived from the stone tools and weapons that modern scientists found. This period was divided into the Paleolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic Ages.During the first period, (2 million to 8000 b.c.) the first hatchet and use of fire for heating and cooking were developed. As a result of the Ice Age, which evolved about 1 million years into Paleolithic Age, people were forced to seek shelter in caves, and develop new tools. During the Mesolithic Age (8000 to 6000 b.c.) people made crude pottery and the first fish books, took dogs hunting, and developed a bow and arrow, which was used until the fourteenth century A.D. The Neolithic Age (6000 to 3000 b.c.) saw humankind domesticating sheep goats, pigs, and cattle, being less nomadic than in previous eras, establishing permanent settlements, and creating governments.

31. Into how many periods was Stone Age divided?
  1. 2
  2. 3
  3. 4
  4. 5

32. Which of the following developed earliest?
  1. the fish hook
  2. the fish hatchet
  3. the bow and arrow
  4. pottery

33. Which of the following developments is not related to the conditions of Ice Age?
  1. farming
  2. clothing
  3. living indoors
  4. using fire

34. Which period lasted longest?
  1. Paleolithic
  2. Ice Age
  3. Mesolithic
  4. Neolithic

35. Which of the following periods saw develop a more communal form of living?
  1. Paleolithic
  2. Ice Age
  3. Mesolithic
  4. Neolithic

36. The author states that the Stone was so named because
  1. it was very durable
  2. the tools and weapons were made of stone
  3. there was little vegetation
  4. the people lived in caves

Questions 37 through 41 are based on the following reading.

Hot boning is an energy saving technique for the meat processing industry. It has received considerable attention in recent years when increased pressure for energy conservation has accounted the need for more efficient methods of processing the bovine carcass. Cooling of an entire carcass requires a considerably amount of refrigerated space, since bone and trimmable fat are cooled along with the muscle. It is also necessary to space the carcasses dequately in the refrigerated room for better air movement and prevention of microbial contamination, thus adding to the volume requirements for carcass chillers.
Conventional handling of meat involves holding the beef sides in the coller for 24 to 36 hours before boning. Chilling in the traditional fashion is also associated with a loss of carcass weight ranging from 2% to 4% due to evaporation of moisture from the meat tissue.
Early excision, or hot boning, of muscle prerigor followed by vacuum packaging has several potential advantages. By removing only the edible muscle and fat prerigor,refrigeration space and costs are minimized, boning labor is decreased and storage yields increased. Because hot boning often results in toughening of meat, a more recent approach, hot boning following electrical stimulation, has been used to reduce the necessary time of rigor mortis. Some researchers have found this method beneficial in maintaining tender meat, while others have found that the meat also becomes tough after electrical stimulation.

37. Which of the following was not mentioned as a drawback of the conventional methods of boning?
  1. storage space requirements
  2. energy waste
  3. loss of carcass weight
  4. toughness of meat

38. Hot boning is becoming very popular because
  1. it causes meat to be very tender
  2. it helps conserve energy and is less expensive than conventional methods
  3. meat tastes better when the bone is adequately seared along with the meat
  4. it reduces the weight of the carcass.

39. Carcass chiller means most nearly
  1. a refrigerator for the animal body
  2. a method of boning meat
  3. electrical stimulation of beef
  4. early excision

40. Early excision means most nearly
  1. vacuum packaging
  2. hot boning
  3. carcass chilling
  4. electrical stimulation

41. The toughening of meat during hot boning has been combatted by
  1. following hot boning which electrical stimulation
  2. tenderizing the meat
  3. using electrical stimulation before hot boning
  4. removing only the edible muscle and fat prerigor

Questions 42 through 46 are based on the following reading.

In 1920, after some thirty-nine years of problems with Jisease, high costs, and politics, the Panama Canal was officially opened, finally linking the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans by allowing ships to pass through fifty-mile canal zone instead of traveling some seven thousand miles around Cape Horn. It takes a ship approximately eight hours to complete trip through the canal and costs an average of fifteen thousand dollars, one-tenth of what it would cost an average ship to round the Horn. More than fifteen thousand ships pass through its locks each year.
The French initiated the project but sold their rights to the United States. The latter will control it until the end of the twentieth century when Panama takes over its duties.

42. Who currently controls the Panama Canal?
  1. France
  2. United States
  3. Panama
  4. Canal Zone

43. In approximately what year will a different government take control of the Panama Canal?
  1. 2000
  2. 2100
  3. 3001
  4. 2999

44. On the average, how much would it cost a ship to travel Cape Horn?
  1. $1,500
  2. $15,000
  3. $150,000
  4. $1,500,000

45. In what year was construction probably begun on the canal?
  1. 1881
  2. 1920
  3. 1939
  4. 1999

46. What can be inferred from this reading?
  1. This is a costly project which should be reevaluated.
  2. Despite all the problems involved, the project is beneficial.
  3. Many captains prefer to sail around Cape Horn because it is less expensive.
  4. Due to all the problems, three governments have had to control the canal over the years.

Questions 47 through 51 are based on the following reading.

In 776 B.C. the first Olympic Games were held at the foot of mount Olympus to honor the Greeks' chief god, Zeus. The Greeks emphasized physical fitness and strength in their education of youth. Therefore contests in running, jumping, discus and javelin throwing, boxing, and horse and chariot racing were held in individual cities, and the winners competed every four years at Mount Olympus. Winners were greatly honored by having olive wreaths placed on their heads and having poems sung about their deeds. Originally these were held as games of friendship, and any wars in progress were halted to allow the games take place.
The Greeks attached so much importance to these games that they calculated time in four-year cycles called "Olympiads" dating from 776 B.C.

47. Which of the following is not TRUE?
  1. Winners placed olive wreaths on their own heads.
  2. The games were held in Greece every four years.
  3. Battles were interrupted to participate in their games.
  4. Poems glorified the winners in song

48. Why were the Olympic Games held?
  1. to stop wars
  2. to honor Zeus
  3. to crown the best athetes
  4. to sing song about the athletes

49. Approximately how many years ago did these games originate?
  1. 776 years
  2. 1,205 years
  3. 2,277 years
  4. 2,760 years

50. Which of the following contests was NOT mentioned?
  1. discus throwing
  2. boxing
  3. skating
  4. running

51. What conclusion can we draw about the ancient Greeks?
  1. They liked to fight.
  2. They were very athletic.
  3. They liked a lot of ceremony
  4. they could't count, so they used "Olympiads" for dates.

Questions 52 through 54 are based on the following reading.

Tampa, Florida, owes a great deal of its growth and prosperity to a Cuban cigar manufacturer named Vicente Martinez Ybor. When the Cuban Revolution broke out in 1869, he was forced to flee his country and moved his business to south Florida. Sixteen years later serious problems caused him to seek a better location along the west coast of the state. His original land purchase of sixteen blocks expanded to more than one hundred acres near Tampa. This newly developed area was called Ybor City in his honor. With the demand for Factory workers for Ybor's business, t he the surrounding areas expanded and thrived.

52. Where is Ybor City located?
  1. south Florida
  2. Cuba
  3. west Florida
  4. in the florida countryside

53. In what year was Ybor forced to leave south Florida?
  1. 1854
  2. 1869
  3. 1885
  4. 1895

54. Why will people probably continue to remember Ybor's name?
  1. He suffered a great deal.
  2. An area was named in hishonor.
  3. He was a Cuban revolutionary.
  4. He was forced to flee his homeland.

Questions 55 through 58 are based on the following reading.

Lichens are a unique group of complex, flowerless plants growing on rocks and trees. There are thousands kinds of lichens, which come in a wide variety of colors. They are composed of algae and fungi which unite to satisfy the needs the lichens.
The autotrophic green algae produce produce all their own food through a process called photosynthesis and provide the lichen with nutritional elements. On the other hand, the heterotrophic fungus, which on other elements to provide its food, not only absorbs and stores water for the plant, but also helps protect it. This union by which two dissimilar organisms live together is called "symbiosis".
This sharing enables lichens to resist the most adverse environmental conditions found on earth. They can be found in some very unlikely places such as polar ice caps as well as in tropical zones, in dry areas as well in wet ones, on mountain peaks and along coastal areas.
The lichen's strong resistance to its hostile environment and its ability to live in harmony with such environments is one example that humanity should consider in trying solve their own problems.

55. Which of the following is NOT true?
  1. Lichens are not simple plants.
  2. The lichen habitat is limited to the polar ice caps.
  3. Lichens can resist a hostile environment.
  4. Heterotrophic plants depend on other elements to supply their food.

56. What can be said about autotrophic plants and heterotrophic plants?
  1. They produce their food in the same manner.
  2. Heterotrophic plants produce all their own food.
  3. Autotrophic plants need other elements to supply their food.
  4. Their methods of food production are completely different.

57. What of the following conclusions could be made about lichens?
  1. They are found worldwide and are complex plants made up of algae and fungi.
  2. They are found worlwide and are simple plants, symbiotic in nature.
  3. They are found worldwide and are compound plants made up entirely of algae.
  4. Although found worldwide, lichens are found mostly as a simle form in the tropics.

58. Which of the following directly relates to algae?
  1. It offers protection to lichens.
  2. It supplies water for lichens.
  3. It supplies its own food.
  4. It is depended on other plants for its food supply.

Directions for questions 59 and 60

For each of these questions, choose the answer that is CLOSEST in meaning of the original sentence. Note that several of the choices may be factually correct, but you should choose the one that is the CLOSEST RESTATEMENT OF THE GIVEN SENTENCE.

59. Even though Juilie is a champion swimmer, she still practices every day.
  1. Juilie practices swimming every day, despite the fact that she's a champion swimmer.
  2. Even though Juilie practices every day, she's still a champion swimmer.
  3. If Juilie practices every day, she'll be a champion swimmer.
  4. Juilie swims every day; consequently she's a champion swimmer.

60. Mrs. Sylvester will retire next month after teaching chemistry for twenty years.
  1. Twenty years after teaching chemistry, Mrs. Sylvester will retire.
  2. After she was has finished teaching chemistry for twenty years, Mrs. Sylvester will retire.
  3. Having taught chemistry for twenty years, Mrs. Sylvester will retire next month.
  4. It will be twenty years next month since Mrs. Sylvester retired.