ESOL Gramatika Výslovnost Testy Kurz 60 Texty Idiomy Nápovědy Angličtina

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60 Questions

DIRECTIONS Each sentence in Part A has a word or phrase underlined. Below each sentence are four words or phrases. You are to choose the one word or phrase which would best keep the meaning of the original sentence if it were substituted for the underlined word.

1. Mr.Jacob's SOLE objective is to make his firm a Fortune 500 company.
  1. only
  2. principal
  3. importantimp
  4. immediate

2. The president of the company will RESIGN at the end of the fiscal year.
  1. quit
  2. relocate
  3. reserve
  4. get a raise

3. Professor Johnson has a THOROUGH knowledge of Egyptian hieroglyphics.
  1. complete
  2. hazy
  3. wonderful
  4. scientificci

4. The detective's RESOURCEFULNESS helped him solve the mystery.
  1. assistance
  2. skill
  3. family
  4. money

5. They have been vacationing in the country RECENTLY.
  1. suddenly
  2. quietly
  3. lately
  4. formerly

6. The Johnsons' new garage was not WIDE enough for the camper to fit.
  1. too new
  2. too big
  3. too long too
  4. too narrow

7. The old utilities building was DEMOLISHED and a new highrise took its place.
  1. renovated
  2. razed
  3. remodeled
  4. reconciled

8. Perhaps the customer has OVERLOOKED his monthly statement and not paid the bill.
  1. perused
  2. confused
  3. neglected
  4. not received

9. The CURRENT edition of that magazine discusses the ancient civilizations of Latin America.
  1. latest
  2. first
  3. running
  4. special

10. He is person who understands his OBLIGATIONS and attends to them.
  1. restrictions
  2. annoyances
  3. observations
  4. duties

11. He wss REFUSED admission to the restaurant for not wearing a tie.
  1. grante
  2. denied
  3. acquiescedcq
  4. appealed

12. John was not promoted because his work did not meet the memanager's EXPECTATIONS.
  1. anticipations
  2. expenditures
  3. expertise
  4. gaudiness

13. Joyce is loved by all her friends because she is very CONGENIAL.
  1. pleasant
  2. wealthy
  3. courageous
  4. sensitivese

14. The students were given COMPLIMENTARY passes for the new movie.
  1. inexpensive
  2. free
  3. expensive
  4. good

15. Prehistoric cave art PORTRAYED animals in motion.
  1. enhanced
  2. hindered
  3. criticize
  4. depicted

16. She DISCARDED the cores after Nellie had baked the apple pie.
  1. peels
  2. seeds
  3. centers
  4. cartons

17. Victoria Holtand William Shakespeare are PROLIFIC writers.
  1. productive
  2. famous
  3. esteemed
  4. celebrated

18. After receiving her check, Suzy ENDORSED it and took it to the bank.
  1. destroyed
  2. signed
  3. folded
  4. deposited

19. After the rope had broken, the mountain climber was left DANGLING freely.
  1. swinging
  2. falling
  3. sliding
  4. wrinkling

20. The professor's INTRODUCTORY remarks concerned the development of the laser beam.
  1. preliminary
  2. final
  3. supplementary
  4. interminable

21. The speaker was asked to CONDENSE his presentation in order to allow his audience to ask questions.
  1. abbreviate
  2. expand
  3. continue
  4. delay

22. FRAGMENTS of the Dead Sea Scrolls have been found in recent years.
  1. aromas
  2. pieces
  3. drawings
  4. writers

23. We were caught in a DELUGE while returning from our vacation.
  1. hailstorm
  2. downpour
  3. sandstorm
  4. blizzard

24. The daring rescue of those stranded on the mountaintop was truly a CREDITABLE deed.
  1. hard to believe
  2. praiseworthy
  3. unusual
  4. risky

25. The driver of the car was LIABLE FOR the damages caused to the passenger.
  1. arrested
  2. liberated
  3. legally responsibles
  4. proposed

26. That he should ask her to marry him was rather PRESUMPTUOUS on his part.
  1. audacious
  2. stupid
  3. brave
  4. nice

27. The Lucas family EMIGRATED from Switzerland before the war.
  1. departed
  2. arrived
  3. was exiled
  4. resided

28. The pianist was ADEPT at playing the arpeggios.
  1. proficien
  2. adjustable
  3. awkward
  4. careful

29. The company asked for ADDITIONAL information.
  1. certain
  2. emphatic
  3. further
  4. enchanting

30. The president's COMPASSION for the refugees caused him to admit a very large number of them.
  1. friendship
  2. respect
  3. pity
  4. hostility

DIRECTIONS In Part B, the questions are based on a variety of reading material (single sentences,paragraphs,advertisements, and the like). You are to choose the one best answer, (1),(2),(3),or(4), to each question. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of problem and mark your answer. Answer all questions following a passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in that passage. QUESTIONS 31 THROUGH 36 ARE BASED ON THE FOLLOWING PASSAGE. Although the period that we call the Renaissance begin in Italy in the fourteenth century, this idea of rebirth in learning characterized other epochs in history in different parts of the world. In 800 A. D. Charlemagne became

31. Which was the earliest period of rebirth mentioned?
  1. Russian
  2. Italian
  3. Carolingian
  4. Roman

32. Which city did Charlemagne look upon as a model for his architectural improvements?
  1. Kiev
  2. Rome
  3. Carolingian
  4. Frank

33. Which of the following was not mentioned as a characteristic of the Renaissance movement?
  1. maintaining the status quo
  2. improved education
  3. architectural advances
  4. creation of libraries

34.How many centuries separated the Kievan and the Italian Renaissance?
  1. 2
  2. 3
  3. 4
  4. 5

35. What can we assume about Yaroslav?
  1. He was demented
  2. He was a competent leader
  3. He was inept
  4. He was cruel.

36. The word carryover in this selection most nearly means
  1. remnant
  2. residue
  3. innovationn
  4. barbarism

Gelatin is a protein substance that comes from the skins and bones of animals. Most people know it as the substance used to make a jellylike salad or dessert. Not only is it useful in making these foods, but it is also beneficial to the consumer because of its high protein content. Gelatin is also commonly used in the photographic industry and in making medicinal capsules. The process for producing gelatin is a long and complex one. In the processing of gelatin made from bones, which varies slightly from that of gelatin made from skin, the grease first must be eliminated. Then, the bones are soaked in a solution of hydrochloric acid in order to rid them of minerals and are washed several times in water. Next, the bones are placed in distilled water, heated to over 90 degrees F for a few hours, placed in fresh distilled water, and then heated again a little over 100 degrees F. A fluid forms from this heating, and it is concentrated, chilled, and sliced. Finally, it is dried and ground. In its final form, gelatin is white, tasteless, and odorless.

37. What can we assume from this reading passage?
  1. One could easily make gelatin at home.
  2. It is necessary to add minerals to the gelatin.
  3. Fat aids in making good gelatin.
  4. Gelatin is useful for elderly and ill people because it is easy chew and high in protein.

38. Which of the following is true?
  1. Gelatin made from skin is produced in same way as that made from bones
  2. grease probably does not aid in producing gelatin.
  3. The chemical used in making gelatin comes off the surface of the bones by rinsing with water.
  4. When the gelatin is dried, it is in powder form.

39. Which of the following would be the best title for this passage?
  1. The Process of Making Gelatin
  2. Protein Foods
  3. Uses for Bones
  4. A Great Dessert

40. Which of the following industries is not mentioned as using gelatin?
  1. lawn care
  2. photographic
  3. pharmaceutic
  4. food

In recent years, scientific and technological developments have drastically changed human

41. Recombinant DNA technology consists primarily of
  1. producingn several therapeutically important biomolecules
  2. giving rise to large amounts of proteinf protein
  3. introducing genetic material from one organism into another
  4. using a viral enzyme called reverse transcriptase

42. Recombinant DNA technology has been used in the production of all of the following biomolecul except
  1. growth hormones
  2. Escherishchia coli
  3. interferon
  4. insulin

43. Which of the following is not true?
  1. The foreign gene will replicate in the bacteria, but it will not express itself through transcription and translation.
  2. The bacterium Escherischia coli can be grown in large amountse in synthetic media
  3. Research continues in an effort to find other uses for this for technology.
  4. Recombinant DNA technology is a recent development.

44. Expression of a gene in Escherischia coli requires requires
  1. the viral enzyme reverse transcriptase
  2. the processes of transcription and translation
  3. production of insulin and other biomolecules
  4. that the bacteria be grown in a synthetic mediatic media

45. The term recombinant is used because
  1. by ligation, a recombinant molecule is produced, which has the capacity of replication
  2. the technique requires the combination of several types of type technology
  3. by ligation, a recombinant protein is produced, part of whose aminoacids come from each different organism
  4. Escherischia coli is a recombinant organism

Of the six outer planets, Mars, commonly called the Red Planet,is the closest to Earth. Mars, 4,200 miles in diameter and 55% of the size of Earth, is 34,600,000 miles from Earth, and 141,000,000 miles from the Sun. It takes this planet, along with its two moons, Phobos and Deimos, 1.88 years to circle the Sun, compared to 365 days for the Earth. For many years, Mars had been thought of as the planet with the man-made canals, supposedly discovered by an Italian astronomer, Schiaparelli, in 1877. With the United States spacecraft Viking I's landing on Mars in 1976, the man-made canal theory was proven to be only a myth. Viking I, after landing on the soil of Mars, performed many scientific experiments and took numerous pictures. The pictures showed that the red color of the planet is due to the reddish, rocky Martian soil. No biological life was found, though it had been

46. Which of the following is not true?
  1. Mars has two moons
  2. It takes longer for Mars to circle the Sun than it takes Earth.
  3. Martian soil is rocky.
  4. Mars is larger than Earth.

47. Man-made canals were supposedly discovered by
  1. Viking 1
  2. Schiapare
  3. Phobos
  4. Martian

48. Mars has been nicknamed
  1. Viking 1
  2. The red Planet
  3. Deimos
  4. Martian

49. The Viking 1 exploration accomplished all of the following excepting
  1. performing scientific experiments
  2. collecting information showing volcanic action
  3. monitoring weather conditions
  4. discovering large quantities of polar ice and permafrost

Italy enjoyed a highly developed and specialized civilization from about 264 b.c. until the fall of the Roman Empire in 476 a.d. Important contributions were made in art, science, education, religion, and architecture. Remains of Roman aqueducts and amphitheaters can still be seen in various parts of Africa and Europe today. Probably the most lasting of the Roman heritage to the world can be found in laws based on Roman legal principles as found in England, Latin America, and the United States, as well as the Roman alphabet which forms the basis of many languages among which are English, Spanish, and German.

50. During how many centuries did Italy enjoy an advanced civilization?
  1. 3
  2. 4
  3. 6
  4. 8

51. Which of the following is considered to be the most enduring heritage of the Romans?
  1. art
  2. science
  3. law
  4. education

52. Where can we still find evidence of Roman architectur today?
  1. Latin America
  2. Africa
  3. Germany
  4. United States

53. All of the following are true except
  1. Roman law was so advanced that other nations adopted Roman legal principles
  2. some Roman-built structures are still standing
  3. Roman superiority began to decline in the fourth century a.d.
  4. the ancient Romans were talented in many areas

54. Which of the following languages is not given as using the Roman alphabet?
  1. English
  2. German
  3. Russian
  4. Spanish

55. Which of the following areas was not mentioned as having a legal code based on the ancient Roman code?
  1. China
  2. Latin America
  3. England
  4. United State

Article 11 the United States Constitution states that only natural born citizens of the United States who have attained the age of 35 years and who have resided in the United States for 14 years may become president. The 22nd amendment to the Constitution imposes a two-term limit for this office by declaring that a person can be elected for two four-year terms only, but that when a person acts as president for no more

56.Which of the following could not become president of the United States?
  1. a 38-year-old man born in the United Statesed
  2. a 40-year-old naturalized citizen who has lived in the United States for 25 years
  3. a 45-year-old woman born of parents who were U.S. citizens
  4. a 60-year-old woman who was born in Japan of parents who were citizens of the United States and who has lived in the United States for 20 years

57. What is the maximum number of years that a person can serve as president of the United States?
  1. 4
  2. 8
  3. 10
  4. 1

58. How long must a citizen have lived in the united States before he or she can become president?
  1. 8 years
  2. 14 years
  3. 22 years
  4. 35 years

For each of these questions, choose the answer that is closest in meaning to the orignal sentence. Note that several of the choices may be factually correct, but

59. All term papers are due tomorrow unless special arrangements are made to turn them in at a later dater
  1. Term papers can be turned in later tomorrow after making special arrangements.
  2. Unless previous arrangements are made, all term papers are due tomorrow.
  3. Special arrangements can be made tomorrow to turn in term papers at a later date.
  4. Term papers arranged for a later date can be

60. After many long and grueling hours of practice, Rita finally became an accomplished violinist.
  1. Rita's long and grueling hours of practice helped her become an accomplished violinist.
  2. Rita accomplished many long, grueling hours of practice and became a violinist.
  3. After becoming an accomplished violinist, Rita spent many long, grueling hours of practice.
  4. Rita spent many long, grueling hours accomplishing her violin practice.